Day and Poe Ancestors

My parents often told of discovering, soon after they were married, that they were distant cousins. They had found the graves of his great grandfather buried next to her great great grandfather. These two ancestors were brothers -- Edward Poe Day (b. 8/6/1788, d. 1/24/1873) and Isaac Day (b. 5/19/1795, d. 7/31/1870). The old Day Cemetery where they were buried is on the homestead farm of Edward Poe Day. It overlooks Indian Creek and lies a short distance from Sunnyside Road about two miles north of the Casper Stoner family homestead. (Today the land is a church-owned Christian retreat.) These were two sons of John Day (b. 1/29/1755, d. 1817) and Abigail (Poe) Day (b. 4/16/1760, d. 4/22/1845). This John and Abigail were even closer cousins than my parents -- her grandmother was the older sister of his father. All of the children of John and Abigail, except the youngest, that were alive around 1830 moved to Indiana from the same community of Brown and Clermont County, Ohio, as the Casper Stoner family.

Isaac Day (1795-1870) and Rachel Trout Day (1796-1863)

Both John Day and his wife Abigail (Poe) Day were descendants of Christopher Day (b. circa 1680, d. 1748) and his wife Martha, who came to Plumstead Township, Bucks County, PA, sometime before 1700. (I am indebted to Autumn Bacon for the image of Christopher Day's tombstone, which is now in the Mercer Museum of Doylestown, PA.) Christopher Day's oldest daughter, Abigail, married an Irish immigrant tailor named Patrick Poe in Bucks County, which marriage became the first connection between the Poe and Day families.

Christopher Day's Tombstone>

The wedding took place in Christ Church, Philadelphia, November 28, 1726. The second connection was the 1776 marriage of John Day, grandson of Christopher and Martha Day to Abilgail Poe, grandaughter of Patrick and Abigail Poe. Several members of the two related families, Poe and Day, fought in the Revolutionary war, including John Day and at least one of his brothers. So did Abigail's father Edward Poe (b. 1732, d. 1816) and her brother Joseph Poe. Most of the brothers and sisters of John and Abigail Day and their families were pioneer settlers on both sides of the Ohio River east of Cincinnati, around 1800. Those on the Ohio side lived near the border of Clermont and Brown Counties; those on the Kentucky side lived in Bracken County, a few miles south of the riverside town of Augusta.

There is plenty of information available on the Poe and Day families. The most extensive collection of genealogical information and family history is in three volumes Our Pioneer Ancestors: The Day and Hendrix (cks) Families with Poe and Allied Lines, by Ruth Hendricks Deverter. I have seen the Deverter books in three different libraries, and have heard that it is in several others; recently (1995) I received a copy of it (on long term loan from my mother's first cousin Joan Day Hughes) that originally belonged to my great Uncle Chalmer Dewey Day I. A 1976 book by Leonard F. Day, The Descendants of Christopher Day of Bucks Co., PA with a Supplement to the Ancient Families of Dee and Day in Wales, is available from University Microfilms in Ann Arbor, Michigan. A typewritten genealogy The Descendants of Christopher Day was printed and distributed by Chalmer Day, and concentrates on descendants of Isaac Day. Victor Stoner has compiled descendants of his great grandfather Edward Poe Day. There is a good listing of many of the descendants of Patrick Poe in Poe Families of America, by Lester D. Gardner, that was done circa 1920. Some biographical information can be found in published histories of Bucks County, PA, and Clermont Co., OH.

DeVerter quotes from Battle's History of Bucks Co., PA: "Christopher Day, yeoman, settled in Plumstead Twsp. in 1680. In 1686 he bought a parcel of Cooke's survey (patent 2000 acres) ... in 1708 he bought from Clement and Thomas Dungan ... early burying ground prior to 1730 is on Swamp Road, a mile above Cross Keys, in the corner of tract bought from Clement Dugan in 1708." The graveyard, which once had a stone for Christopher Day, was located at the top of a hill, east of the village of Fauntainville, on the northeast side of Swamp Road (PA Route 313), which is the southern border of Plumstead Township, Bucks County, PA. Cross Keys was the site of an inn that was an overnight stop on the stagecoach line between New York City and Philadelphia; today its location is just north of Doylestown, PA.

DeVerter goes on to say: "The Dungan family, from which Christopher Day Sr., purchased his land, was originally from Middlesex, England. Sometime after 1682, the Rev. Thomas Dungan located at Cold Springs, Falls Twsp., Bucks Co. with his following of Welsh Baptists. Most of the people in this area were Baptists from Rhode Island. The Pennypack Baptist Church, near Lower Dublin Baptist Church ... in Philadelphia ... was the original Baptist Church of the neighborhood (where) Christopher Day and his wife Martha Dat were baptised 11/4/1714 ... On Jan. 11, 1689, Christopher Day got part of a 2000 acre tract belonging to Arthur Cook. On Oct. 7, 1708 he was living there, and also on July 23, 1719."

Christopher Day was English (or possibly Welsh), and may even have been born in the colonies or in England (or Wales). DeVerter quotes J. Edward Day: "Christopher was quite possibly a Baptist from Wales fleeing from religious persecution of that time and place." A 1976 book by Leonard F. Day, The Descendants of Christopher Day of Bucks Co., PA with a Supplement to the Ancient Families of Dee and Day in Wales says: "Christopher Day probably descended from Nathaniel Day of Ipswich (as grandson) ... no history on Nathaniel once he arrived in the Colonies." (This would account for the name Nathaniel of one of Christopher's sons.)

A possibly apochryphal story of Christopher Day's origins comes from the minutes of the Day family reunion held in Collinsville, Iowa, in August 1926. The story was told at that reunion by Benjamin Shenkle, who was repeating a family tradition told by his mother: "Edith Day Shenkle's grandfather was born near Yorkshire, England. He was a man without title and of Quaker belief. He married a lady of royal family, and in order to escape the unpleasantness resulting from the marriage of the titled lady to the man without a title, this young couple, poor but courageous, came over to the Colonies of the Mother Country. This was just before the Revolutionary War and when the feeling between England and the Colonies became extremely bitter. The noble father disinherited the daughter, even though the husband was a Quaker and opposed to taking up arms against the Mother Country."

Edith Day Shenkle's grandfather was John Day, himself a grandson of Christopher Day, but the subject of the story is probably Christopher Day. It appears that several Day families came to the colonies in the mid seventeenth century, so a family history earlier than Christopher Day may be impossible to know. Even the maiden name of Christopher Day's wife Martha is not known. They may very well have been Quakers who later became Baptist converts.

Christopher Day was one of the first settlers in Plumstead Twp., and one of its leading citizens at that time. He was elected assessor and as overseer of the poor in 1730. He donated land for the first school in Plumstead Twsp. and for the first cemetery (his will leaves "100 perches for a burying ground, be and remain for use as a burying place, and for no other purpose forever"), where he is buried. His will, reprinted by DeVerter, mentions sons Christopher, Nathaniel, Mathew and Joseph, daughters Abigail Poe and Ursala Fenton, and wife Martha, makes Matthew the executor, and charges son Christopher with supporting Martha "during her natural life and widowhood." A list of articles in his estate (like horses, cows, cooking pots) indicate that Christopher Day was a farmer, just like most people of his place and time.

Deverter says Matthew married Ann (surname unknown) about 1748, and had either 4 or 5 children with her before she died, sometime around 1765. In 1770, Matthew Day remarried to Mary Felle, daughter of Felix Felle of Plumstead Tsp., by which he had more children. In 1771, they left Bucks County with his children to what is today the southern border area of Pennsylvania in York County. Moving with them were Matthew's children with first wife Ann, namely Mark (b. 11/24/1752), John (b. 1/29/1755), Isaac (b. 6/17/1757), Matthew jr. (b. 12/18/1861) and possibly Asa (b. c 1749); with second wife Mary Felle he had four more: David, Mary, Joseph and Sarah. The new homestead farm of Matthew and Mary (Felle) Day was in a strip of land that the residents then considered to be part of Baltimore County, Maryland. Matthew is said to have lived there through the Revolutionary War to sometime before 1800; however, his wife Mary eventually moved on to Bracken County, Ky, and died there in 1824. Other Day families, probably related to Matthew, moved to that part of PA or MD circa 1770. The 1800 Census shows the following heads of households in York County, PA, all with Day surnames: Benjamin, Jacob, John, Mathew, Samuel, William; however, this latter Matthew was probably Matthew Jr., son of Matthew Sr., since his household included three children under 11 years old.

Matthew Day Sr. lived just north of the Mason-Dixon Line, in the far southern portion of York County, PA. Even though the Mason-Dixon survey was completed before they moved there, the family later claimed to be from Maryland. The farm was a few miles west of the modern community of Fawn Grove in Shrewsbury Twsp. of York County, and east of the community of Maryland Line, where Matthew Day is said to be buried in Gunpowder Cemetery. In the years before the Revolutionary War, Baltimore was a wheat exporting center for the Colonies; even today the area around this old Day farm is a rich, relatively level rural area of orchards and farmland. It is a plateau between the mountains of Pennsylvania to the north and the slopes down to the Chesapeake Bay to the south and east.

Poe Ancestors

The history of the Poe family ancestors before the Revolution parallels the Day family history. Gardner quotes from a "small volume by Sir Edmond Bewley of Dublin, Ireland": "We are here interested in 'Patrick Poe, who was born in Ulster, Ireland and came from Ireland to Pennsylvania between 1690-1720. He married Miss Abigail Day (oldest daughter of Christopher Day) November 28, 1728 at Christ Church, Philadelphia. He was a tailor by trade.'" Gardner/Bewley imply Patrick was a grandson or great grandson of Anthony Poe, a gamekeeper of Sherwood Forest, England, whose sons emigrated to Ireland around 1640.

In his will, Patrick Poe, who was listed as a tailor when he married Abigail, oldest daughter of Christopher Day, says he is an "innholder." The will, written in 1758 and probated in February 1759, mentions three sons (Patrick jr., Edward and John), four daughters (Sarah Rich, Abigail Brittain, Martha and Anna) and wife Abigail; wife Abigail and son Edward are named as executors. Edward married Martha Brittain, also of Bucks County, around 1755; his young family left Bucks County around 1770 (roughly the same time as the family of his uncle Matthew Day), and relocated in the Shenendoah Valley of Virginia -- the precise location isn't known. It is apparently there that Edward Poe's wife, Martha (Brittain) Poe died shortly before the Revolutionary War. Edward, in his mid forties at that time, did not remarry until after the Revolutionary War.

One wonders how the cousins John Day and Abigail Poe came to be married when their familes lived so far apart -- the Days near the PA-MD border and the Poes in the Shenendoah Valley of VA. Probably Edward Poe's household broke up after his wife died, and Abigail, in her teens, may have gone to live with her great uncle Matthew Day's family. In any case, John and Abigail were married in Baltimore on August 1, 1776; this was less than one month after the signing of the Declaration of Independence, not far away, in Philadelphia.

DeVerter says: "Edward Poe was in the Revolutionary War. He was paid off in Romney, West Virginia, which was then part of Virginia. He settled for about 10 years in Maryland and owned land there. But territory beyond the Allegenies opened up, and Kentucky beckoned as the land of opportunity and challenge." DeVerter also lists his war service: "Sgt., 3rd and 4th Va. Reg't, Cont. Line; 4th and 8th and 12th Va. Reg't, Cont. Line ... served under Capt. Joseph Mitchell ... Edward Poe - Hospitalized Continental Hospital Returns (1777 - 1780) ... A return of sick and wounded in the Hospital at Plumstead. Edward Poe 8th Va. Regiment. Admitted Nov. 25, 26, 27-30." Evidently, Edward Poe fought as an enlisted man with Virginia troops in the campaign against the British in Pennsylvania and New Jersey, was promoted to sargeant, was wounded, and returned to fight again."

My barely legible copy of genealogical tract entitled Poe Families in America, by Gardner, says: "Edward Poe served as private in the Revolutionary War - 48th and 12th Regiments Va. Line. After his discharge in 1783, Edward Poe moved to Baltimore Co., MD, and later bought 100 acres- part of the tracts 'Sportswood Hall' and 'Osborne Sluggle,' paying 100 pounds for it. In 1794 he bought a small tract of 3-1/2 acres for 8 pounds 10 shillings. He improved this and sold it Oct. 12, 1796, to John Hermestophel for 30 pounds ... On Oct. 15, 1796 he prepared to leave the state and gave power of attorney to dispose of his 100-acre estate to Wm. Ambrose of Baltimore ... he sold the land May 6, 1803 for 301 pounds 14s. ... Edward joined the Phillip Bruckner Colony from Virginia to Kentucky, arriving early in 1797." (This Wm. Ambrose may have been the father or brother of Ann Ambrose, who married Isaac Day.) By this time, Edward Poe had remarried Catherine (surname unknown) and had another son, Samuel Poe (b. 179_). The move to Kentucky was to join John and Abigail Day, who had already moved there, in 1795. Three of Edward's sons (Joseph, John and Patrick) were already living there by 1899.

John Day and his brother Isaac (b. 1757) enlisted in the Maryland infantry. According to a short biography in the July 10, 1901 issue of the Clermont (OH) Sun, "John Day served in the Maryland troops for three years in Washington's main army." Confirming this John's service record is complicated by the fact that at least two other John Days, one of them another grandson of Christopher Day, were Rev. War soldiers. Edward Poe, in his mid forties (about the same age as George Washington), enlisted and fought with the Virginia infantry. According to Poe Families in America, his son Joseph, Abigail's brother, enlisted far away in Blands County, VA, and fought in the southern campaign at famous battles of Cowpens and Guilford Courthouse. All of these veterans of the Revolution moved to Bracken County, KY, and all are listed on tax rolls there in 1799, which contain the following names: David Day, Isaac Day sr., Isaac Day jr., John Day, Joseph Day (younger half brother of John), Mark Day, Edward Poe, John Poe, Joseph Poe. Various Poe and Day families eventually settled near there on homesteads on both sides of the Ohio River -- Edward Poe and Isaac Day in Kentucky, and John Day and Joseph Poe on Bullskin Creek in Ohio.

There is not much information about how John and Abigail Day spent that time from the end of the War to 1795, but DeVerter implies they were in Pennsylvania, then says of them: "This family moved to Kentucky in 1795 ... Some rode in wagons, some on horseback." By that time, John and Abigail had 7 children, from Martha (b. 1/25/1778) to Isaac (b. 5/19/1795). The others were Matthew (b. c 1778), John jr. (b. c 1782), Edward (b. 1788), Mark (b. 1790), and Thomas (b. 1793). Three more children -- twins Jesse and Mary (b. 9/19/1797) and Joseph Bennett (b. 6/25/1800) -- were born in Bracken County, Kentucky. The 1850 Indiana census lists Edward Poe Day (b. 8/6/1788) as having been born in North Carolina, so it looks as if the family spent some time there; the same census lists younger brother Isaac Day (b. 1795) as being born in Maryland.

The History of Clermont County, Ohio (1795-1880) by Beers (1883) says: "John Day with his family moved to Ohio about 1802 and located on the farm where Joseph B. Day now lives. He died in the Fall of 1816 (Will proven in November 1816). His widow, Abigail, lived to 85 and died April 22, 1845. He was one of the earliest pioneers of Clermont, a man of resolute will and strong Christian character ... the Day family has been one of the largest and most favorably known in the county." John Day had earlier "bought 100 acres, from W. Libbs, part of the original survey of Reuben Taylor, No. 1652." An 1870 Atlas and History of Clermont County compiled by A. M. DeWitt shows this farm as the 102-acre eastern corner of a 1000-acre, rectangular tract labelled "No. 1652 Taylor." The location of the farm, about 5 miles NNW of the mouth of Bullskin Creek on the Ohio River, is indicated by a rectangle on the above map. Caspar Stoner must have lived in Brown County, a mile or two East of there. The Day farm was on a relatively flat "ridgetop" between two ravines cut by branches of the headwaters of Bullskin Creek. (In 1990, this farm was a YMCA camp, the donor having bought it for payment of back taxes in the early 20th century.) John Day's younger half-brother Joseph Day settled on an adjoining tract in 1803, but died soon thereafter.

The John Day family moved to Ohio very soon after it became a state. That part of the state, just north of the Ohio River, lying between the Scioto River on the east and the Little Miami River on the west, was originally part of Virginia, and designated as Military District; that meant it was part of the Northwest Territory given to Virginia officers in the American Revolution as payment for their military service. Usually these officers never saw the land -- they merely sold their rights to it to agents (like W. Libbs, perhaps), who then resold it in smaller parcels. At the time they moved there, the 10 Day children and their ages were: Martha (24), Matthew (22), John Jr. (20), Edward (14), Mark (12), Thomas (9), Isaac (7), Jesse (5), Mary (5) and Joseph B.(1).

In a 1939 letter she wrote for a reunion of the descendants of those Days and Shenkles that had moved from Indiana to Iowa, Irene Shenkle Hunt of Seattle Washington wrote of the Days: "Independence won, post-war depression and a recurrent sense of being crowded came upon them, and they loaded their families and most cherished posessions on barges and floated down the Ohio ... Many of the settlers in Old Clermont County arrived by the River, a few stopping off on the Kentucky side until they were sure the Indians in the Northwest Territory were under control. Among the first were the Days. The first white child born in Old Clermont was Mary Day, who arrived on January 28, 1797 ..."

The oldest two Day children may have been married already by 1802. John Day Jr. married neighbor Catherine Hendrix in 1805. Martha Day married Catherine's brother, Henry Hendrix Jr.; their father, Henry Hendrix, was a native of Maryland who had previously homesteaded in Rowan Co., NC. The Hendrix homestead in Ohio was a few miles southeast of the Day homestead, and two miles east of Felicity, OH. DeVerter says : "Matthew, the oldest son. settled near the mouth of the Bullskin, where he died in 1819.)," and a letter she publishes says that Joseph L. Day, a son of Matthew was raised "on an adjoining farm (to the Hendrix farm)." Joseph Poe, brother of Abigail Day, located northeast of the Day farm at a place later called "Poe Town." The DeWitt Atlas of Clemont County calls Poe Town "A small hamlet, partly in Tate Twp., but mostly in Brown County, on the county line ... the post office (there) was called Maple post office."

Other Days and Poes stayed in Kentucky, in the northern part of the bluegrass area, just across the Ohio River. According to a History of Bracken County (KY) "Colonel Phillip Bruckner," whose colony Edward Poe was said to have joined, "had acquired the site of Augusta, KY, for his Rev. War service, and laid out the town in streets and alleys." Abigail's father, Edward Poe, and John's brother, Isaac Day, farmed ridgetops in Kentucky, south of Augusta and northeast of Germantown, KY. The 1810 census lists, in Bracken County: Edward Poe, Samuel Poe, Asa Day, Christopher Day, Isaac Day Sr., Isaac Day Jr., and Joseph Day.

The only ferry still operating today on the Ohio River between Portsmouth and Cincinnati runs between Boude's Ferry (Ohio side, in western Brown County) and Augusta, but, according to Reddick biographies in History of Indianapolis and Marion County, another ferry, operated by a Rev. War veteran William Reddick, ran from the mouth of the Bullskin River on the Ohio side (in eastern Clermont County) to an opposite Kentucky landing in the early 1800's. (It was his son, Elisha Reddick, who was the very first settler in Lawrence Twsp., Marion County, Indiana.) Rev. soldiers Edward Poe (father of Abilgail) and Isaac Day (brother of John) are buried in the cemetery in the Sharon Cemetery near the ferry landing on the Kentucky side; that cemetery was associated with the "Sharon Meeting House," a log church used by several denominations in the early 1800s. It would have been a trip of ten or twelve miles, about two hours by horseback and by ferry, to the Sharon Meeting House from the John Day homestead farm.

The Williams (or Williamson) Line

DeVerter says in one place: "It is said the parents of Elizabeth and Amos Williams, adopted children of John Day, were killed by the Indians ... Elizabeth married Edward Poe Day, and Amos married John Day's daughter, Mary." At another place, DeVerter says that only the "father was killed by mistake by Indians so John Day took Elizabeth and her brother Amos to raise. The mother and other children were all divided by the neighbors." It isn't said just when the father was killed. A local newspaper gave an account of the killing of a man named Williams from "Old Chillicothe" by an Indian named Waw-wil-a-way. The date of the incident was May 28, 1803. It happened under circumstances that might be termed "by mistake." Williams, accompanied by men named Wolfe and Ferguson, had surprised Waw-wil-a-way in the woods; Wolfe accused the Indian of the recent murder of a popular pioneer, and attacked him "from behind"; the mortally wounded Indian, snatched up Ferguson's loaded rifle and killed Williams with it before he died. The story of this incident is repeated on pp 527-529 of the book The Frontiersman by Allan Eckert. Old Chillicothe, the birthplace of Tecumseh, was an ill defined area at the headwaters of the Little Miami River, in Southern Ohio.

The surname Williams is common, and there is no mention of a Ferguson or a Wolf in John Day's neighborhood at that time, so it isn't clear that the Williams killed by Waw-wil-a-way was an ancestor. Whether or not that particular Williams (given name unknown) was Elizabeth (Williams) Day's father, the story does give some hint that there was still "indian trouble" in this part of southern Ohio when the Day family moved there. Elizabeth Williams (b. 2/6/1790), two years younger than Edward Poe Day (b. 8/6/1788), listed her birthplace as "unknown" in the 1850 census. Edward and Elizabeth were married around 1808, and their first child (named Abigail) was born in January of 1809. DeVerter relates some of their history in Ohio: "In 1814 Edward Day bought land on Bullskin Creek. Lewis Twsp., Brown Co., OH (Batavia Courthouse Record), from John Preston and Wm. Mumford. Later he moved to Eagle Twp., then to Washington Twp., near Sardinia. Later he sold his land in Clermont County to his brother Joseph B. Day (Deed Bk Y, 2-43, P. 95) on October 29, 1839, and moved to Oaklandon,Indiana, Marion County, taking all the children, except Elizabeth." Three of those children eventually married children of the Caspar Stoner family, who made the same move a few years later.

During fifteen years from 1802 to 1817, two of the brothers of Isaac Day (b. 1795) and Edward Poe Day (b. 1788) died, as did their father: John Day Jr. died of unrecorded causes sometime before 1817; Thomas Day (b. 1793) died of "war related illness" at Fort Ball (now Tiffin, Ohio) during the War of 1812, and father John died in 1816 (his will cites failing health). The is mention of both Thomas Day and John Day in the published papers of General J. S. Gano, who led soldiers from Hamilton and Clermont Counties in the defense of parts of northwest Ohio from the British in the War of 1812: John Day is listed as an ensign commisioned April 21, 1813; Thomas Day is listed among a November 1813 list titled "a return of the sick at Fort Stephenson," being as part of the 2nd Regiment under Capt. McConnels. Thomas is also listed among a "Muster Roll of a Company of Militia under Captain Thomas McConnel," commanded by Col. Henry Zumwalt, with enlistment date Sept. 4, 1813. The Ens. John Day may be John Day Jr., but that isn't certain.

The Trout Line

On August 11, 1814, in Clermont County, OH, Isaac Day married Rachel Trout, who was born in North Carolina in 1796. I haven't discovered who were the parents of Rachel (Trout) Day, but several Trouts moved from North Carolina to Lewis Twsp. of Brown County, OH, in the early 1800s. A History of Brown County, OH says: "William Trout, in 1809, emigrated to the township, with his wife and one child, John. He was born in Tennessee but learned the blacksmith trade in NC, and there married Sarah, daughter of Christian Hoss ... in 1810 came Christian Hoss and wife from Lincoln Co., NC. They were of German extraction ..." A History of Indianapolis and Marion County, Indiana, says "David Hoss was born in NC, 1790. He married Nellie Trout and moved to Brown County, OH ..." Marriage records for Lincoln County, NC, record a marriage between Nellie Trout and David Hause at about the right time. Probably Rachel Trout was related as sister of William and Nellie Trout in Lincoln County, NC. If so, the following information from an obituary of William Trout published in Historical Collection of Brown County, Ohio by Carl N. Thompson (1969) is relevant: William Trout, born in Lincoln County, NC, in 1781, moved to Brown County, OH, in 1809, and died April 11, 1878. His father lived through the Revolutionary War in VA, and was "personally acquainted with George Washington."

These are the recollections of Benjamin Shenkle, grandson of Isaac Day, of what he was told of the origins of Rachel Trout Day: "Isaac Day, father of grandmother Shenkle, married a lady (Rachel Trout) from near Charleston, N. C.. She was an orphan but had wealthy brothers who were merchants and plantation owners. Isaac and Rachel Day were the parents of six sons and four daughters, Edith Day being the oldest. She married Benjamin Shenkle, and the only surviving member of this union is Benjamin Shenkle of Collins, Iowa." There is no Charleston, NC, but Edith, her son Benjamin, or the person recording Benjamin's recollection, may have been referring to Charlotte, NC; there were Trout households in both Lincoln and Rowan Counties, near Charlotte, about the time Rachel was born:

   TROUT, Henry        #  113       01 06 03 00 00

NC 1790 CENSUS, ROWAN CO., NC 1790
   TROUT, Jacob        #  171       01 00 05 00 00

NC 1791-1809, ROWAN CO., NC 1800
   TROUT, Jacob        #  454       20010-20010-00

It may be that the Henry Trout in Lincoln County was Rachel's father, that Nellie Trout who married David Hoss was her sister. Possibly, Rachel, much younger than siblings William and Nellie, moved from NC to join them after being orphaned.

The 1820 U.S. Census for Franklin Township of Clermont County lists the following Day households:

OH 1820, CLERMONT CO., OH 1820
NAME----        ---TOWNSHIP---    PAGE             NOTES
DAY, Abigail    FRANKLIN TWP     #  014         000000-11001
DAY, Isaac      FRANKLIN TWP     #  014         000100-10100
DAY, Joseph     FRANKLIN TWP     #  014         000100-10100
DAY, Thomas     FRANKLIN TWP     #  016         100100-00100

Abigail's household, besides herself, consisted of one female under 10 and 1 female 10-15; Isaac's household consisted of himself and wife plus one girl less than 10; Joseph's had himself and wife plus 1 female under 10. Since brother Thomas is said to have died in the War of 1812, the Thomas Day must have been from a different family, or perhaps a son of Matthew Day, who was dead by this time (Brown County Court records, docket #9429, show Matthew's probate with administrator Jane Day). John Day jr. had already died, sometime before 1817. The fact that Abigail, Isaac and Joseph all appear on the same census page implies they lived in different houses not far from one another.

Most parts of Brown and Clermont Counties within 5 or 6 miles of the Ohio River are either steep-sided, limestone-walled ravines or well drained ridgetops between them. In the first several years of the 19th century, the ridgetops produced profitable grain crops, but the soil was a thin layer of clay over limestone that played out quickly. The History of Brown County says the tobacco became the crop of choice after about 1840. There is some tobacco grown there today (1995), but not much -- it is a generally depressed rural area.

After Indiana became a state in 1816, the Indians left the central part of the state, and the national road was gradually extended toward Indianapolis. Shortly after 1820, young Elisha Reddick, son of the ferryboat operator made an exploratory trip to what is now Lawrence Township of Marion County, Indiana, and decided to move there with his family. He must have sent good word back to Ohio, because many families from Brown and Clermont Counties followed over the next several years. At least five of the remaining sons and daughters of John and Abigail Day eventually moved to Indiana with their families -- Martha, Edward, Mark, Isaac, and Mary -- all went to Lawrence Township. It appears that Mark and Isaac went there first, around 1830, and that the others followed. The youngest brother, Joseph B., stayed on the old homestead, raised a large family, and took care of his mother.

John Day's will, proved in 1816, provided that, after the death or remarriage of Abigail, his estate should be equally divided among his eight living children. But Abigail lived on another 32 years, so the division among his children never took place. In 1839, when Isaac was already there and shortly before Edward left, the heirs of John Day who were still alive sold their interest in the estate to Joseph B.. Sometime after his death, the old homestead was abandoned, and the property was eventually sold to pay back taxes. After a few years, the new owner gave the property to the YMCA for use as a summer youth camp.

Ron Stoner
January 1996